A Discussion Note introducing the concepts of complexity and its relation to USAID programming. The paper outline five complexity-aware monitoring methods
The purpose of this document is to provide a foundational understanding of probability sampling to USAID staff to equip them as well-informed commissioners and consumers of surveys, evaluations, and other products (hereafter referred to as studies) that require probability sampling. We hope that it will serve as a resource for commissioners to make informed decisions about surveys and to use monitoring, evaluation, and learning (MEL) resources effectively. The main audience for this document includes monitoring, evaluation, and learning specialists, Contracting Officer’s Representative (CORs), and Agreement Officer’s Representative (AORs).